quinta-feira, 23 de fevereiro de 2017

Lettre de Paul Valéry à Jean Voilier


Jean Voilier (1903-1996), éditrice et romancière française, de son vrai nom Jeanne Loviton, a été l’amante d’hommes illustres ; parmi eux, Jean Giraudoux, Saint-John Perse, Curzio Malaparte, Émile Henriot, ou encore Robert Denoël… Mais c’est Paul Valéry, de 32 ans son aîné et follement épris d’elle, qui lui a écrit les plus belles lettres d’amour.

CE SOIR, où es-tu ?

CE SOIR, je suis mort de fatigue… Une semaine terrible ; un aujourd’hui écrasant. Une sorte d’apothéose l’achève. Mais conférence jamais plus nerveusement crainte… Je n’avais rien à dire. Et le corps en état brisé. Le voyage à Colmar, éreintant ; le retour en wagon surchauffé pendant sept heures ; après le froid là-bas, qui était sévère. Et le cours et la conférence embusqués dans l’après-demain qui était aujourd’hui… Et puis les nouvelles. Chaque jour son coup de pied au cul pour la nation. Cette sacrée nation, la plus bête au monde, qui avait tout et n’a su que tout perdre. J’enrage depuis cinquante ans après tout.

Maintenant c’est le bouquet… dont nous partageons les fleurs avec ces cons d’Anglais.

Pardon… Je suis hors de moi, fatigue extrême, fureur et, en somme, honte.

OUI, ce soir, ma chérie, j’ai besoin de toi à un point vraiment aigu. Besoin. C’est bien pire que désir. C’est tout autre chose. C’est sentir même comme une peine immense seulement de penser à toi. Vouloir oublier que tu es, que tu fus, et ce que tu fus. Je ne peux pas supporter cela, ton absence-présence.

Je ne sais même pas où adresser ceci, combien de temps mettra ceci pour te parvenir.

Appelle cela « amour » si tu veux. Il faudrait un autre mot.

Cependant tu suis imperturbablement ton itinéraire. Hitler ni Bibi ne peuvent rien contre Taroudant. C’est magnifique. Du moins j’espère que tu te remplis les chers yeux de puissantes choses. Ne te ruine pas, surtout, la santé. L’eau me fait peur. Il faut la faire bouillir et se méfier des minérales dans les hôtels.

Bonsoir… Qui sait où tu couches, cette nuit, où repose cette tête, où s’allongent mes grandes jambes, dont le gouverneur désœuvré rêve…

Zeca!


"Josefa de Óbidos, ‘superwoman’ en el siglo XVII" - Javier Martín


Acaudalada, famosa y terrateniente, dotó al incipiente Barroco de un estilo únicoImportó de España el gusto por el bodegón y rompió estereotiposLogró cobrar por sus obras y una independencia económica que le crear a su antojo

quarta-feira, 22 de fevereiro de 2017

"AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL - ANNUAL REPORT"




Portugal no relatório:

PORTUGAL

Portuguese Republic Head of state: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (replaced Aníbal António Cavaco Silva in March) Head of government: António Costa

Austerity measures restricted the rights of people with disabilities. There were reports of ill-treatment in prisons and of inadequate prison conditions. Discrimination against Roma continued unabated.

DISCRIMINATION

Portugal continued to fail to ensure that hate crimes were prohibited in law, and had not created a national data collection system for hate crimes.

People with disabilities

In April, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities asked Portugal to review austerity measures that have reduced the availability of services for people with disabilities and forced many of them into poverty or extreme poverty. The Committee expressed concern about cuts to resources for inclusive education for children with disabilities and support for their families. These measures had particularly negative effects on women caregivers who in most cases cared for children with disabilities. 300 Amnesty International Report 2016/17.

Roma

In June, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance reported that Portugal had not fully implemented the measures it had recommended in 2013 to address racism and discrimination towards Roma communities, especially regarding data collection and the simplification of procedures to report cases of discrimination to the High Commissioner for Migration.

RIGHT TO HEALTH

In June, the Portuguese Observatory on the Health System reported continuing inequalities in accessing health care, in particular for the most marginalized people.

TORTURE AND OTHER ILL-TREATMENT
There were reports of unnecessary or excessive use of force by law enforcement officials throughout the year. In October, according to a report by a Portuguese NGO, 13 prisoners were beaten by prison guards during the inspection of their cells at Carregueira Prison in the capital Lisbon. At least three of them required hospital treatment as a result.

PRISON CONDITIONS

Prison conditions remained inadequate; in some prisons they were degrading. There was a lack of hygiene, food quality, medical care and access to medicines.

RIGHTS OF LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER AND INTERSEX PEOPLE

In February, Parliament voted to override a presidential veto of a law granting same-sex couples the right to adopt children. The law was initially passed in November 2015; the new law entered into force in March.

REFUGEES’ AND MIGRANTS’ RIGHTS

Thirty-nine refugees previously selected for resettlement in Portugal between 2014 and 2016 had arrived in the country by the end of 2015. The government committed to resettle over 260 refugees in 2016/2017. Only 781 asylum-seekers were transferred from Greece and Italy to Portugal under the EU relocation mechanism as of the end of the year, out of the 1,742 that Portugal had committed to receive. In October, the municipal authorities of Amadora forcibly evicted at least four migrant families without meaningful prior consultation and the provision of adequate alternative accommodation.

SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS

In February, the Parliament approved changes to legislation on access to sexual and reproductive health services. The new law removed mandatory psychological and social counselling as a condition for women’s access to abortion. In May, new legislation was adopted giving all women access to assisted reproductive technology (ART) – including in vitro fertilization and other methods – regardless of their marital status or sexual orientation. This put an end to former restrictions that limited ART to married women or women in a civil partnership with a man.

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS

In November, the government announced plans to exempt victims of sexual harassment, rape, female genital mutilation, slavery and human trafficking from the payment of judicial costs. According to data provided by the NGO UMAR, as of November, 22 women had been killed, and there were 23 attempted murders.

Andy Warhol - d. 22/02/1987




"Boosting South Africa’s Diversity Dividend" - Mohamed A. El-Erian


After an insight-filled and enjoyable visit to South Africa – my first to this beautiful country in 15 years – I am leaving with mixed feelings. The country’s ongoing process of economic and political development has left those living here, as well as concerned observers like me, both hopeful and worried about the future.

terça-feira, 21 de fevereiro de 2017

"EUROPE’S CHILD-REFUGEE CRISIS" - Lauren Collins


At an age when most kids need supervision to do their homework, hundreds of thousands of minors are crossing continents alone.

"Quipu - Calls for Justice"


Esperanza and Teodula were sterilised without consent more than 18 years ago and are still searching for justice in rural Peru. The Quipu project - www.quipu-project.com - is their phoneline that allows victims across the country to share their shocking testimonies. These are the unwillingly sterilised women fighting for justice in Peru.

They are just two of the 300,000 Peruvians affected by the Family Planning Program promoted by Alberto Fujimori’s government in the mid-90s in Peru, which mostly targeted impoverished, rural, indigenous people. Despite several attempts to bring those responsible to justice, the crime of the forced sterilisations remains unpunished and there are still many Peruvians that denied it ever happened.

Esperanza and Teodula, together with other affected women, activists and artists, continue the fight for justice through the Quipu project. Esperanza and her local women's organisation have decided to fight for justice and create a communication project -a specially developed phoneline connected to the internet- that allows them to share their stories in their own words and be heard around the country and the world. The testimonies collected by the Quipu project have been listened to in more than 100 countries and help them to appeal to international law in their continuing search for justice.

Meanwhile, in October 2015, Keiko Fujimori (daughter of Alberto Fujimori) held a clear lead in the upcoming presidential elections despite having been investigated for corruption several times.

Esperanza and the Quipu team travel across Peru to the regions that were most affected by the sterilisation campaign - isolated, rural and impoverished villages in the Andes and Amazon. As they meet more people and hear their stories, the real scale of the campaign starts to be revealed.

This short film follows the intimate journeys of these two peasant women fighting for recognition and women’s rights in a male-dominated society, while inviting others to join them in the hope that their voices will no longer be silenced.


segunda-feira, 20 de fevereiro de 2017

"The Most Influential Images of All Time" - 7: Nasa


Pillars of Creation - Nasa

The Hubble Space Telescope almost didn’t make it. Carried aloft in 1990 aboard the space shuttle ­Atlantis, it was over-budget, years behind schedule and, when it finally reached orbit, nearsighted, its 8-foot mirror distorted as a result of a manufacturing flaw. It would not be until 1993 that a repair mission would bring Hubble online. Finally, on April 1, 1995, the telescope delivered the goods, capturing an image of the universe so clear and deep that it has come to be known as Pillars of Creation. What Hubble photographed is the Eagle Nebula, a star-forming patch of space 6,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Serpens Cauda. The great smokestacks are vast clouds of interstellar dust, shaped by the high-energy winds blowing out from nearby stars (the black portion in the top right is from the magnification of one of Hubble’s four cameras). But the science of the pillars has been the lesser part of their significance. Both the oddness and the enormousness of the formation—the pillars are 5 light-years, or 30 trillion miles, long—awed, thrilled and humbled in equal measure. One image achieved what a thousand astronomy symposia never could.

"The Masada mystery"


Have archaeologists proven the ancient tale of mass suicide in the Judaean desert or twisted science for political end?

"How to Survive the Trump Era" - Joseph E. Stiglitz


In barely a month, US President Donald Trump has managed to spread chaos and uncertainty – and a degree of fear that would make any terrorist proud – at a dizzying pace. Not surprisingly, citizens and leaders in business, civil society, and government are struggling to respond appropriately and effectively.

domingo, 19 de fevereiro de 2017

António Gedeão


Lágrima de preta

Encontrei uma preta
que estava a chorar,
pedi-lhe uma lágrima
para a analisar.

Recolhi a lágrima
com todo o cuidado
num tubo de ensaio
bem esterilizado.

Olhei-a de um lado,
do outro e de frente:
tinha um ar de gota
muito transparente.

Mandei vir os ácidos,
as bases e os sais,
as drogas usadas
em casos que tais.

Ensaiei a frio,
experimentei ao lume,
de todas as vezes
deu-me o que é costume:

Nem sinais de negro,
nem vestígios de ódio.
Água (quase tudo)
e cloreto de sódio.

António Gedeão

"Aristocrat whose African tale charmed America and the Academy"


“I am a storyteller,” Karen Blixen says in her deep, singular voice in a recording made before her death.

"China’s Growth Odyssey" - Wing Thye Woo


China’s steadily declining rate of economic growth is a problem for both China and the world economy. Now that US President Donald Trump is set to wreak havoc on global stability, can China still hope to achieve the widely shared prosperity it has long sought?

"The European Union First" - Javier Solana


The world needs the European Union now more than ever. Despite recent crises and the hard blow dealt by the Brexit vote, the EU may well be the world’s best line of defense against today’s most serious threats: isolationism, protectionism, nationalism, and extremism in all forms, all of which are once again growing in Europe and beyond. The key to enabling the EU to meet this potential – to save itself and the world from catastrophe – is for member states urgently to adopt a “European Union first” mantra.

"Crise historique du mouvement national palestinien"


Le mouvement national palestinien traverse la plus grave crise de son histoire depuis 1967. Il est confronté à des défis internes et externes sans précédent et à des clivages qui traversent tous les courants et toutes les organisations.

terça-feira, 14 de fevereiro de 2017

Livro recomendado - "Retrato do artista qundo jovem cão e Outras histórias"


Sahara - "A descolonização inevitável" - Né Eme


O impasse na descolonização do Sahara Ocidental é adiar o inevitável, mas enquanto não chega o momento da libertação há milhares de vidas suspensas que são moldadas apenas pela injustiça e sofrimento de uma ocupação ilegal.

A colonização prolonga a dor de viver separado da família, de ver desaparecer os entes queridos vitimados por mãos cobardes, assassinas e cruéis de um opressor que teima em ser uno e em impor a sua vontade e a sua “justiça”. Caminhar nessa direção é seguir lado a lado com uma política colonialista.

O meu apelo vai para todos os países e Governos do mundo, para que respeitam os direitos de cada ser humano e o seu direito à liberdade que é essencial para dignificar a vida.

Desta forma, é urgente que não se apoie qualquer tipo de ilegalidades cometidas pelos países que fomentam o colonialismo, que ao longo da História se tem revelado um instrumento muito poderoso de domínio dos povos.

No caso do Sahara Ocidental, Portugal também não deve fugir ao imperativo ético de denunciar qualquer acordo com Marrocos celebrado à margem daquilo está estipulado na lei.

Suspender os acordos comerciais com Marrocos

Há cerca de três semanas, o Tribunal Europeu de Justiça deu razão aos saharauis, numa clara vitória contra Marrocos, que teima em “roubar” e comercializar para seu benefício as riquezas naturais do Sahara Ocidental, afirmando que os territórios ocupados não podem ser incluídos nos acordos comerciais porque não fazem parte do território marroquino.

Não basta dizer que subscrevemos e respeitamos a Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos. Devemos acima de tudo, reforçar os seus pilares e trabalhar por um mundo mais justo, igualitário e de paz.

Nós podemos marcar a diferença, se o quisermos fazer. É preciso que todas as forças políticas portuguesas deliberem no sentido de cessar definitivamente todo e qualquer acordo comercial com Marrocos desde quer o mesmo inclua produtos vindos do Sahara Ocidental.

Desta forma estaremos a cumprir a lei e a solidarizarmo-nos no sentido de descolonizar aquela que é ainda e em pleno século XXI a última colónia de África.

Finalmente, uma reflexão que creio ser pertinente e que radica no facto de, apesar de tudo, ainda acreditar nas Nações Unidas.

Não posso, no entanto, deixar de me interrogar sobre o sentido que terá a existência da ONU e de todas as suas Declarações e Resoluções se as mesmas não são cumpridas? Não podemos ignorar a democracia e muito menos sobrepor a economia aos Direitos Humanos. Essa é a tática que ao longo dos anos tem sido usada por Marrocos.